Solving Bottlenecks at Depth

Bottlenecks were preventing one of the world’s deepest gold mines from achieving its targeted throughput on a level 2 850 metres below surface. Weba Chute Systems designed and manufactured the solution.

A short slew conveyor was at the centre of the South African mine’s challenge, providing the only source of ore from that level. Frequent stoppages from belt cuts on this conveyor, often from large rocks stuck
in the bottom of the existing chute, meant costly downtime and disrupted material flow to the plant.
The solution, according to Dewald Tintinger, technical manager at Weba Chute Systems, was to design a completely new chute solution that would remove the need for the slew conveyor arrangement.
Custom design
“The chute we designed has a bypass leg that drops waste material directly into the bypass, while allowing an inline channel of reef onto the
conveyor belt,” says Dewald. The custom-designed chute was able to replace the mechanical moving component, which also improved the safety of the working area.
The solution, which also involved 70 metres of conveyor belt extension, required the new chute to bifurcate the flow of material from the stopes into a reef stream and a waste stream.
“We achieved this by installing a chute section mounted on a trolley frame, actuated to split the material flow as required,” Dewald elaborates.
Another benefit was that the area no longer needed regular cleaning. Previously, four shifts of cleaners, comprising four workers each, were required to service the area around the slew conveyor and
remove spillage.
Weba Chute Systems technical advisor Alec Bond says the belt on the slew conveyor was also being regularly damaged by the high direct impact of
rocks falling from the previous chute.
“Our flow-controlled chute design ensures that the chute has no free-dropping material,” he says. “Instead, the speed of the material is controlled all the way through, right up until the outlet onto the belt.”
No parts
The free-falling material was also causing regular damage to the chute itself, requiring frequent liner changeouts. By contrast, this Weba chute requires little maintenance. After a year and a half of operation,
the mine has not had to replace any of the parts. Alec highlights how the underground location of the project added considerably to its complexity.
Space at the point of installation was limited, with irregular angles and levels being imposed by the sidewalls and hanging wall. There were also
constraints regarding the size of components that could be transported underground, either inside or hanging from the lift cage.
“Every component had to be designed with logistics in mind,” he adds. Weba has a custom-design capability and has an ISO 9001:2008 accredited
local manufacturing facility, combined with inhouse expertise and years of materials handling and transfer point experience.
In stages
Installation of the new system had to be conducted with minimal impact on mine operations. It was therefore installed in stages while the plant was
operational. The shutdown of the plant took place over the December period, as this was the only time available that would not disrupt production.
“This required us to design the chute and associated structures in such a way that we could build it underground while the plant was running,” Alec
explains. Construction took place over a six month period alongside the operation of the slew conveyor. “At the commencement of the shutdown, the changeover was done and the previous conveyor arrangement removed,” he concludes. “No production was lost during the installation of the new chute and system.”
Weba Chute Systems & Solutions
www.webachutes.com